Renewable Energy in Uttar Pradesh

Renewable Energy in Uttar Pradesh

Power is one of the most enabling infrastructure sector for any economy and supply of uninterrupted power is a critical parameter for the performance of industry and also is among the top most considerable factor for investors.  Majority of power generated in India and especially in Uttar Pradesh is reliant on coal (thermal power). Coal prices and its availability have caused deficit in power in Uttar Pradesh. Hence, there is obvious need to develop alternate sources of energy.

Uttar Pradesh is rich in renewable energy recourses such as biomass, solar and bio-fuels, of which only biomass has been considerably exploited. Growth of renewable energy would definitely help the State in meeting out its energy requirement.

State’s Vision for the Renewable Energy sector is to –

  • Facilitate sustainable generation of green power through renewable energy sources to increase the share of renewables in the overall power mix towards fulfillment of State’s RPO.
  • Provide energy access to rural areas.
  • Reduce excessive dependence on fossil fuels and conserve environment.

Recognising the need of developing alternate source of energy and also considering the growing importance of renewable energy, the Government has taken many proactive steps in order to boost this sector:

Some proactive Initiatives

  • State policy for small hydro power plants declared
  • State policies for biomass and solar power are under active consideration
  • Mini grid solar power plant scheme introduced for the villages/hamlets having no or very poor access to electricity.
  • Installation of solar power plants to operate 45 submersible pumps of Jal Nigam for drinking water is under way.
  • Complaint Management System Software with IVRS facility on toll-free no. for quick redressal of complaints of installed systems is in place.

Present scenario and future prospects

Power generation –    Uttar Pradesh has promising potential of Solar Energy and Biomass. The existing canal network and dam toes in the State too have potential of generating power through micro hydel power plants. The potential of power generation from wind energy is quite limited. In the 12th Five Year Plan, the power generation capacity addition from solar energy, small hydro projects on canal falls and biomass has been targeted as under –

  • Solar Energy:       Govt. of India has sanctioned, 5 grid connected solar power projects in Uttar Pradesh having a total capacity of 8 MW, to the private developers under the National Solar Mission.


  • Small Hydro:        Allotment of identified small hydro projects of a total capacity of 11 MW to the private developers under the small hydro policy of the State is in progress. These projects are expected to be completed by the year 2014.


  • Biomass: The potential of the biomass resources has been estimated at about 3757 megawatt in the State. Power generation capacity of 1331.14 megawatt has been achieved in the private sector sugar mills, rice mills, paper mills and other industrial units, out of which 969.18 megawatt is bagasse based. U.P. is the leading state in the country in biomass power generation.

Rural electrification – Un-electrified villages/hamlets, which are difficult to be electrified by the power grid, are being electrified through renewable energy (solar home light and solar street light etc.) so as to connect these villages/hamlets to illuminated world. So far, 435 villages/hamlets have been covered. Besides, the un-electrified villages, a large number of hamlets are still unconnected with the power grid. Therefore, a mini grid solar power plant scheme has been introduced for the villages/hamlets which are deprived of electricity.

Solar Street Light – Solar street lights are being installed in the rural areas for providing community street lighting under the district plan with the provision of central and state subsidy. A total number of 42235 systems have already been installed. In addition to these systems, a total target of 33454 solar street lighting systems has been taken up in 2011-12.

Solar Pumps – Solar photovoltaic pumps have been installed for drinking water and also for irrigation with the provision of central and state subsidy. In addition to 608 solar pumps installed so far, a project of installation of solar power plants for operating 45 pumps of Jal Nigam has been taken up under central subsidy in 2011-12.

Solar Water Heater – Solar water heating systems of a total capacity 24 lakh liter per day have been installed for industrial and domestic purposes in the State. The total 11th Plan achievement is expected to be about 10.13 lakh liter capacity.

Aditya/Akshay Urja Shops – In order to create a state-wide network of sale and service for easy access to availability and service of new and renewable energy systems, 63 shops are operational in different districts which are named as Aditya or Akshya  shops. It is proposed to extend the network and open such shops in all the blocks of the State by involving private entrepreneurs and NGOs.

Potential Regions for Renewable Energy

As per EAI report, the following are the potential sites for the installation of Solar Photovoltaics (PV) and Solar Concentrated solar power (CSP) plants along with details of average irradiation expected at each site:


Average   Irradiation (Kwh/m2/day


Average   Irradiation (Kwh/m2/day

Bareilly 5.26 Gorakhpur 4.93
Meerut 5.23 Allahabad 4.93
Muzaffarnagar 5.23 Jhansi 4.90
Moradabad 5.10 Kanpur 4.89
Ghaziabad 5.00 Lucknow 4.89
Hapur 5.00 Etawah 4.88
Farrukhabad 5.00 Agra 4.85
Benaras 4.97 Aligarh 4.85
Mirzapur 4.93 Firozabad 4.85
Mathura 4.84

With many projects underway and on anvil, Government of Uttar Pradesh offers huge opportunities to prospective investors to set up their Solar Plants in the State in Renewable Energy Sector.

Kulbhushan Kapoor

Udyog Bandhu



  1. Hi,
    This is Arvind from Ghaziabad, I have developed Bio gas plant for 1 CUM & 2CUM Biogas. How can Govt. will help me to commercialise this in UP State.

  2. Diwakar Mishra

    i want to setup an solar power plant in jaunpur dist what will be the procedure , guidelines , investment and subsidy provided

    • Thank you so much for showing your interest in setting up a plant at Jaunpur. Solar Policy of the state is under preparation and it shall be ready soon.

      You are requested to please contact U.P New and renewable Department at the following address _

      Mr. Harinam Singh
      Sr. Project Officer Grade II
      UPNEDA,Vibhuti Khand
      Gomti Nagar, Lucknow
      Mobile – 9415609006.

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