MANAGING EFFECTIVELY: SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN UTTAR PRADESH
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN UTTAR PRADESH
All over the world, Solid Waste Management (SWM) has occupied huge significance. SWM is an organized process of storage, collection, transportation, processing and disposal of solid refuse residuals in an engineered sanitary landfill. It is an integrated process comprising several collection methods, varied transportation equipments, storage, recovery mechanisms for recyclable material, reduction of waste volume and quantity by methods such as composting, waste-to-power and disposal in a designated engineered sanitary landfill.
Management of Solid Wastes is a growing concern to the general public at large, local authorities and business communities in cities across the country. The problem is aggravating in urban areas due to swift strides in population growth coupled by an economic boom that has marked a huge surge in consumption of goods leading to generation of wastes by leaps and bounds. Hence it becomes the need of the state of Uttar Pradesh to take plunge into managing the solid waste since its accumulation in open areas lead to multifarious problems such as:
- negative impact on the living conditions of human beings as well as the overall environment
- spread of communicable and non-communicable diseases among human beings and animals, thus affecting the welfare, livelihood and economic productivity
- contamination of soil, surface water, ground water and generation of toxic and green-house gases
- a breeding ground for insects and other vectors as well as human beings
- diminishing real estate and property value
- causes odour nuisance, reflects the unorganized nature of the community
Initiations taken by the State Government
Considering the importance of management of solid waste in various parts of the State, the Government is implementing SWM projects under Public Private Partnership (PPP) model in 26 cities. Under this model, a concessionaire shall operate the projects in these cities, the responsibilities of whom would include door-to-door collection of waste, primary storage, secondary collection, transfer, transportation, development of processing plant and landfill etc.
The private agency has to manage and maintain the project for a period of 30 years and also would have to shoulder the responsibilities of replacement and capacity enhancement etc. and has to make all related investments during the concession period. The tipping fees shall be paid to them by the concerned Nagar Nigam. All the projects shall be implemented under JNNRUM scheme of Government of India, which is a reforms-driven, fast-track, planned development of identified towns with focus on efficiency in urban infrastructure.
Cities where Solid Waste Management Projects are being implemented in Uttar Pradesh
|Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Varanasi, Allahabad, Meerut, Mathura, Moradabad, Gorakhpur, Aligarh, Jhansi, Muzaffarnagr, Mirzapur, Jaunpur, Sambhal, Etawah, Raibareilly, Badaun, Fatehpur, Ballia, Mainpuri, Barabanki, Kannauj, Ferozabad, Loni, Basti|
The purpose of adopting PPP in SWM projects in these cities is to impart more efficiency and cost effective services which may not be effectively provided by the existing infrastructure/manpower of the municipality.
The projects are under various stages of implementation. In 10 cities, door-to-door collection has been commenced, in 10 cities processing plant work is in progress whereas land has been acquired in 3 cities and land is being acquired in 3 cities.
The concentrated endeavor of the Govt. of U.P. bore fruitful results and in a near future, citizens of Uttar Pradesh can enjoy a cleaner, contamination-free environment. It will also boost confidence amongst prospective investors across the globe to step in here and set up their dream projects in the State.
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